Desired Capabilities In Selenium Python

We are glad to tell you that Nerrvana now supports Ruby and Python tests using Selenium 2 (webdriver). commandLineFlags string Flags to pass to browser command line. In APPIUM, all the client commands are running in the context of a session. Hey Varun, Desired Capabilities are used to configure the driver instance of Selenium WebDriver by allowing to set properties like browserName, browserVersion, Platform etc. Each WebDriver object creates its won Selenium Session ID, and our hub uses that ID to match up test results. FIREFOX # Tell the Python bindings to use Marionette. Prerequisite. find_element_by_name(name) Finds element within this element's children by name. You can vote up the examples you like or vote down the ones you don't like. You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Selenium Users" group. command_executor is the remote URL on which the Selenium Grid is setup and desired_capabilities is the list of capabilities that should be present in the browser under test. py from selenium import webdriver from selenium. to_capabilities()) Note: ChromeDriver’s list of known devices is generated from those found in the DevTools Emulation panel. INTERNETEXPLORER taken from open source projects. SAFARI (selenium. How to deal with certificates using Python Selenium. Webdriver API in selenium python is getting more and more popular with python's rich features and reliable and robust tests. Capabilities are options that you can use to customize and configure a ChromeDriver session. 42; Selenium for Python: v3. Selenium RC (1. 0 browser, using Selenium 2. Since the respective flags are already available on Chrome Canary, the Duo Labs team thought it would be fun to test things out and also provide a brief introduction to driving Chrome using Selenium and Python. Set of default supported desired capabilities. Using Selenium Testing for Electron (Atom shell) Applications Electron (formerly Atom Shell) is a very new way to quickly create javascript applications for multiple platforms. This is a personal blog. Beginners, start here; System Setup. The Desired Capabilities Class helps us to tell the webdriver, which environment we are going to use in our test script. Marionette Driver -Firefox A few days ago, I was trying to run some tests on the Firefox 47. Consider the following scenario. from selenium import webdriver from selenium. I am currently experimenting with the Python version of Selenium Web Driver. Creating new PyDev project in Eclipse; Writing and running code; Identifying elements in the page. ある日、こんな依頼がありました 「ブラウザで毎日やっている作業があるんだけど自動化出来ない?」 「多分出来ますよ(SeleniumとPythonでやってみよう)」. Chrome() If we run the above script, it will launch the browser and exit. ある日、こんな依頼がありました 「ブラウザで毎日やっている作業があるんだけど自動化出来ない?」 「多分出来ますよ(SeleniumとPythonでやってみよう)」. 0, IEDriverServer 3. (desired_capabilities, browser_profile) File "C: I am using selenium and chrome() as well for my web scraping tasks and. Em destaque no Meta Feedback post: Moderator review and reinstatement processes. python + ChromeDriverの構成でこれをやろうとしてハマったので、記事にしておきます。 先に回答を書くと、次のように書けば大丈夫です。 from selenium. Browser selection is determined using capabilities. The Gecko interface to drive the browser was not available when selenium was being developed. to click to select options from certain dropdown list and submit) to generate a desired output/ result of interest. Set of default supported desired capabilities. Using Selenium to write tests 2. Selenium is a portable framework to automate the tests for web applications. Desired Capabilities are a set of properties used to configure your Selenium tests on the LambdaTest Selenium grid. This simple website testing scenario just scratches the surface of what's possible, of course, but I hope it was enough to get you started in developing your own scripts. This guide gives an idea of Web-based Selenium Python Automation. " WebDrivers are language-specific bindings to drive a browser - to put strings on your browser and control it. I would like to have it on my Raspberry Pi, but can't get chromedriver running on Raspbian. tl;dr use --disable-dev-shm-usage option. • Selenium overwiew • Some Samples • Actions • Fixtures • Travis CI • Jenkins CI Agenda 3. Robot Framework is a generic keyword-driven test automation framework for acceptance testing and acceptance test-driven development. TestCase): capabilities = None def setUp(self): driver = webdriver. from selenium import webdriver driver = webdriver. webdriver. The reason I am not focusing on chrome profile is because the most important and value-add browser prefs/settings that matter during automation are mostly available in –switches. 1 bindings, you can take help of the DesiredCapabilities class to make a few configuration to open IE 11 as follows:. You'll find an example of doing this in Python here:. Selenium with Python Rest API testing using RestAssured Each and every course is designed from scratch and if you don’t like the course or this course is not fulfilling your need then you can take a refund within 30 days after purchase. Collecting selenium tests automatically using Nose so that you don't have to create manual test suite files. webdriver 模块提供了所有 WebDriver的实现,现在支持的WebDriver的实现有 Firefox,Ie,Chrome,Remote,Keys类提供了键盘的代码(回车,ALT,F1等等) from selenium import webdriver from selenium. to click to select options from certain dropdown list and submit) to generate a desired output/ result of interest. free_port() Determines a free port using sockets. import selenium from selenium import webdriver from selenium import selenium as sel import time from selenium. Hello, Welcome to Selenium tutorials in this post we will see How to Handle Proxy in Selenium Webdriver. Python Code Examples using Selenium Grid These python code examples will get you a quick start using a selenium grid to run a single test, multiple tests in parallel and also using the Py. Install Browser Specific Drivers ( In this blog, I'll perform Automation on Chrome, so Chrome Driver for this case) The first and foremost thing before starting running Automation script on LambdaTest online grid is to learn how to set up desired capabilities of tests. Any programming language that Selenium Webdriver supports can be used with Screener without needing you to install any additional libraries or SDKs. The reason I am not focusing on chrome profile is because the most important and value-add browser prefs/settings that matter during automation are mostly available in –switches. This is also the default when running tests against a remote driver. If you are using latest version of Selenium, Start making Option classes instances of Capabilities which allows us to do like below :-. import selenium from selenium import webdriver from selenium import selenium as sel import time from selenium. self-signed) in an automated test written for Selenium is an important feature. So that we can have desired preference for browser. Merges the extra capabilities provided into this DesiredCapabilities instance. I managed to do it by specifying the complete path to the profile as shown below, but that's not very portable code. Desired Capabilities are a set of properties used to configure your Selenium tests on the LambdaTest Selenium grid. We also added Rspec framework for Ruby and nose for Python. ui import WebDriverWait import BeautifulSoup from pyvirtualdisplay import Display import sys from PIL import Image from urllib import urlretrieve import logging LOGGER = logging. driver = webdriv. Remote(appium_url, desired_caps) Appium Python Tips! You can set Environment Variables to store all the desired capabilities that won't be changing often. test and nose. Selenium supports the following languages - Java, Python C#, Ruby, JavaScript, PHP. 0 of Selenium For Ruby – selenium-webdriver 2. These desired capabilities can be configured based on your preferences, how and on what device you want tests to be executed. To further customize our test configuration, we can add other desired capabilities. you can generate them using the Selenium Desired Capabilities Generator. Mostly like-profile data,handling browser cookies , SSL security popup techtravelhub is a personal blog to cover my learning on technical languages like- Java,VBScript, on test tools like UFT,Selenium, in Automation testing. It is advised that the client and server should use JSON objects with certain predefined properties when describing which features a user requests that has to be supported by a session. This loads the values immediately without having to reboot. jar -host localhost -port 4444 -role hub". copy() desiredcapabilities['platform'] = "MAC. Presenter: Jason Carr Track: IV Description: Selenium has grown to be a mature platform on the desktop, but with 'mobile now' being the mantra for so many companies, can we use Selenium to effectively test mobile apps?. 0 StackOverflow python method (instead of test-type, just set the proxy option):. Interacting with. About Course. Capabilities. I managed to do it by specifying the complete path to the profile as shown below, but that's not very portable code. command_executor is the remote URL on which the Selenium Grid is setup and desired_capabilities is the list of capabilities that should be present in the browser under test. Example Explained 2. seleniumを使用してfirefoxの立ち上げをしたいです。 PCを新しくすると動作しなくなりました。 (Firefoxが立ち上がるのですがすぐにエラーとなってしまいます。. Presenter: Jason Carr Track: IV Description: Selenium has grown to be a mature platform on the desktop, but with 'mobile now' being the mantra for so many companies, can we use Selenium to effectively test mobile apps?. INTERNETEXPLORER taken from open source projects. b >> from selenium import webdriver Setting. Selenium with Python Rest API testing using RestAssured Each and every course is designed from scratch and if you don’t like the course or this course is not fulfilling your need then you can take a refund within 30 days after purchase. Check the desired capabilities documentation for details of accepted. driver system property. class VerifyAboutPage(unittest. We provide that the 100% Job assistance for Best Selenium with Python Placement Training in Bangalore. Some time ago we added Ruby and Python support, however we only had libraries supporting Selenium 1. Simple Usage 2. You are preparing a Selenium script for a responsive site which in places has slightly different CSS selectors for desktop and devices. Reply to Unrecognized Chrome version when using Selenium (python bindings) and chromedriver on Invalid Date I had the same problem, and a way to hack it is to set your QT applicationName and applicationVersion to "Chrome" and "69. serverless-chrome(headless-chromium): v1. 0, IEDriverServer 3. Notice the two tests on different terminals by using the ‘python’ command. 03 KB from selenium. / Step by Step Videos for Test Automation- Selenium (Java,Python), REST API Step by Step Videos for Test Automation- Selenium (Java,Python), REST API Mukesh Otwani 2019-05-09T10:21:35+05:30 If you are looking for Step by Step video courses for Test Automation, then following courses will guide you to learn Automation in depth. You'll find an example of doing this in Python here:. Multilogin browser automation is based on the Selenium WebDriver. Python Selenium Luminati Proxy Desired Capabilities (Exclude localhost) - desiredcapabilities. The capabilities generator let's you select from a comprehensive set of options you can use. Use this as a starting point for creating a desired capabilities object for requesting remote webdrivers for connecting to selenium server or selenium grid. nginxがhttpsで動かしていてwebdriverのlocalserverがhttpがデフォルトになっていたのでhttpsに書き換えても実行できませんでした。. desired_capabilities import. The Selenium Webdriver Python API; Organizing and refactoring your selenium tests code; Implementing Page Objects and UI Mapping in order to make your selenium code maintainable. Interacting with. Luckily, we can achieve the same effect by setting the MOZ_HEADLESS environment variable either from the command line with set MOZ_HEADLESS=1 or from the python script itself as above. One should have in-depth knowledge of desired capabilities in selenium to master selenium technology and hence the same will be taught thoroughly in all selenium tutorials. Reply to Unrecognized Chrome version when using Selenium (python bindings) and chromedriver on Invalid Date I had the same problem, and a way to hack it is to set your QT applicationName and applicationVersion to "Chrome" and "69. Selenium Webdriver Desired Capabilities。在python版本的webdrive中,DesiredCapabilities类为我们提供了解决方案,通过这个类,我们能够配置webdriver在指定的环境执行我们的测试脚本。. desired_capabilities import DesiredCapabilities from selenium import webdriver. The Selenium Webdriver Python API; Organizing and refactoring your selenium tests code; Implementing Page Objects and UI Mapping in order to make your selenium code maintainable. Desired Capabilities 37. Selenium webdriver DesiredCapabilities: "Unable to find a matching set of capabilities" (self. Alexander Vasilyev Selenium+py. How To Run Selenium Tests On Android And iOS 12-1-2016 In todays post we will go over the process to setup and run Selenium tests for a mobile website or web application on Android and iOS. Mindmajix offers advanced Selenium Interview Questions 2019 that helps you in cracking your interview & acquire your dream career as Selenium Developer. URL not called in Webdriver Python. keys import Keys. Selenium is a web automation tool. For a list of configurable capabilities, and more information on JsonWireProtocol, please visit the documentation here. TestCase): capabilities = None def setUp(self): driver = webdriver. 03 KB from selenium. desired_capabilities import DesiredCapabilities caps = DesiredCapabilities. When the chrome_options are merged into the desired_capabilities, subkeys are instead overwritten, because it is a shallow dictionary update, not a deep merge. 0 StackOverflow python method (instead of test-type, just set the proxy option):. copy() desiredcapabilities['platform'] = "MAC. They are extracted from open source Python projects. 1 bindings, you can take help of the DesiredCapabilities class to make a few configuration to open IE 11 as follows:. getLogger('selenium'). desired_capabilities import DesiredCapabilities cap = DesiredCapabilities(). Example code for using the Selenium 2 Python bindings. I have a program in python that uses selenium and beautifulsoup4 packages with chromedriver for webscrapping. Collecting selenium tests automatically using Nose so that you don't have to create manual test suite files. 03 KB from selenium. Selenium Python Bindings, Release 2 Args • link_text - Link text string to search for. Here are the examples of the python api selenium. ui import WebDriverWait import BeautifulSoup from pyvirtualdisplay import Display import sys from PIL import Image from urllib import urlretrieve import logging LOGGER = logging. Desired Capabilities in selenium by Admin · Published June 7, 2015 · Updated July 20, 2016 DesiredCapabilities describe a series of key/value pairs that encapsulate aspects of a browser,. Some searches led me to a very helpful post by Harry Percival (author of Test-Driven Development with Python): "How to get Selenium to wait for page load after a click. Webdriver API in selenium python is getting more and more popular with python's rich features and reliable and robust tests. Since the respective flags are already available on Chrome Canary, the Duo Labs team thought it would be fun to test things out and also provide a brief introduction to driving Chrome using Selenium and Python. command_executor is the remote URL on which the Selenium Grid is setup and desired_capabilities is the list of capabilities that should be present in the browser under test. 0 browser, using Selenium 2. Mindmajix offers advanced Selenium Interview Questions 2019 that helps you in cracking your interview & acquire your dream career as Selenium Developer. Chrome Profile Settings (Example): Each of the profile setting is self-explanatory. The following are code examples for showing how to use selenium. Selenium is a portable framework to automate the tests for web applications. We use environment variables in our. The majority of the usage remains as it has been for Selenium 2 (WebDriver), and as the official Selenium Python bindings begins to implement the new specification that implementation will be used. What is a Desired Capability? All server implementations will rarely support every feature of WebDriver. Back in April, Google announced that it will be shipping Headless Chrome in Chrome 59. This is presented, along with other advanced topics, in the next chapter. A capabilities object is returned by the session which indicates the capabilities that the session actually supports. capabilities) Lastly, you need to pass the command-line parameters to the test case before running it:. As you can see, if you already have a Selenium test started, it's as easy as making a POST request inside your script with the Selenium session ID that you already have. Each WebDriver object creates its won Selenium Session ID, and our hub uses that ID to match up test results. The other options for a tool/framework are py. They are extracted from open source Python projects. import selenium from selenium import webdriver from selenium import selenium as sel import time from selenium. 0 specification draft, with some helpers to make mobile testing in Python easier. Until we do not set proxy, we cannot access the application itself. driver system property. Download and setup python editor of your choice. We use environment variables in our. But from Selenium v3. WebDriver method). seleniumを使用してfirefoxの立ち上げをしたいです。 PCを新しくすると動作しなくなりました。 (Firefoxが立ち上がるのですがすぐにエラーとなってしまいます。. learnpython) submitted 1 year ago by coffee_for_lunch I'm working on having the selenium webdriver open a hover-over menu on a webpage, but I need to scroll down the page first, as the element isn't in the initial viewport. This is summarized in the table below and the History section afterwards explains the project history a bit more. It's worth noting, that you can easily extend this to include more fine-grained control. Selenium tutorials in Python. NET Webdriver bindings are supported by Gridlastic, run your tests in the cloud with real browsers. I would guess that you would be passing a dictionary to Remote instead of browsername and platform, if you were using an data/instance attribute (self), but "capabilities" is a class attribute. Selenium is one of the most popular Automation tool in the software testing industry. This is also the default when running tests against a remote driver. 0 is the integration of the WebDriver API. To run your automated tests, simply specify Remote as your driver. i have been searched about it around the web and tried using some sort of time interval but not reacted with behavior and it's continuing the same. How to setup Selenium Python project. Beginners, start here; System Setup. Check the desired capabilities documentation for details of accepted. Example Explained 2. 2 you might have set capability marionette to False using DesiredCapabilities Solution Add below code from selenium. Python Selenium Luminati Proxy Desired Capabilities (Exclude localhost) - desiredcapabilities. from pyvirtualdisplay import Display from selenium import webdriver display = Display(visible=0, size=(1024, 768)) display. Getting Started. Capabilities are a series of key-value pairs that allow you to configure your Selenium tests on the BrowserStack Selenium grid. I am currently experimenting with the Python version of Selenium Web Driver. MacでSeleniumを動かそう. What is Desired Capabilities How to use Desired Capabilities in Selenium What is DesiredCapabilities A class in Selenium library org. TestCase): capabilities = None which means you can instantiate the driver as follows: self. In this course we will learn: How to install Python (Mac & Windows) How to install Selenium. I was trying to build testing scripts with python for Google Chrome on my Ubuntu 16. The selenium package itself doesn’t provide a testing tool/framework. Generate browser specific Selenium desired capabilities to run automated scripts. 1 and port 4444. self-signed) in an automated test written for Selenium is an important feature. Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. 0, IE 11 through Python 3. desired_capabilities import. nginxがhttpsで動かしていてwebdriverのlocalserverがhttpがデフォルトになっていたのでhttpsに書き換えても実行できませんでした。. The selenium package itself doesn’t provide a testing tool/framework. Python is a platform independent scripting language with full access to operating system's API. For more in-depth information about Selenium WebDriver API and pytest, you can visit our other blogs that cover the topic in more detail. from selenium import webdriver driver = webdriver. command_executor is the remote URL on which the Selenium Grid is setup and desired_capabilities is the list of capabilities that should be present in the browser under test. You can also save this page to your account. This guide gives an idea of Web-based Selenium Python Automation. Not a lot of documentation exists about using Selenium to do full-fledged integration testing on Electron Applications. To post to this group, send email to [email protected] If you are using latest version of Selenium, Start making Option classes instances of Capabilities which allows us to do like below :-. ui import WebDriverWait import BeautifulSoup from pyvirtualdisplay import Display import sys from PIL import Image from urllib import urlretrieve import logging LOGGER = logging. the way the code is now, if you pass in an options, it will over write the desired_capabilities, but not when options is None. we are using Splunk Synthetic App in order to set up and run some transactions that I created with Python selenium script. webdriver. Appium client (Java or Python) connects with Appium Server and communicate via JSON Wire Protocol (*ignore in C# in picture). In this chapter, we use unittest as the framework of choice. Examples for Selenium version 3. Desired capabilities can be expanded further. What is a Desired Capability? All server implementations will rarely support every feature of WebDriver. 2 robotframework-seleniumlibrary>=3. These challenges are well documented on the Selenium Official Website. We also added Rspec framework for Ruby and nose for Python. By voting up you can indicate which examples are most useful and appropriate. keys import Keys. Using Crawlera with Selenium Modified on: Fri, 23 Aug, 2019 at 3:58 PM Since it's not so trivial to set up proxy authentication in Selenium, a simple option is to employ crawlera-headless-proxy as a middle layer between Crawlera and the Browser. desired_capabilities import DesiredCapabilities caps = DesiredCapabilities. By hardcoding a value for screen_width, you can view the de. Selenium is an open source web automation tool and Python is a language. Not a lot of documentation exists about using Selenium to do full-fledged integration testing on Electron Applications. Below Firefox version 64. Multiple browsers and multiple platforms The above approach is suitable for testing your website in a particular browser but the real benefit comes from testing it in multiple browsers on multiple operating systems. It holds the browser commands for all types of actions that users can do in a browser window. Example code for using the Selenium 2 Python bindings. Home Community Categories Selenium How to set desired capabilities in Python. This guide gives an idea of Web-based Selenium Python Automation. I'm a big Selenium fan. In this chapter, we use unittest as the framework of choice. Selenium is a great tool for browser automation. Back in April, Google announced that it will be shipping Headless Chrome in Chrome 59. Not a lot of documentation exists about using Selenium to do full-fledged integration testing on Electron Applications. For Python we use version 2. Desired capabilities. In this post I'll explain how to scrape data using Selenium and Python!. It seems very simple but I am new to python and I'm stumped as to why this won't work. You are preparing a Selenium script for a responsive site which in places has slightly different CSS selectors for desktop and devices. Pesquise outras perguntas com a tag python-3. copy ()’ on the DesiredCapabilities object to avoid the side effects of altering the Global class instance. Defaults to False. Hello, Welcome to Selenium tutorials in this post we will see How to Handle Proxy in Selenium Webdriver. The setCapability method of the DesiredCapabilities Class, which is explained in the later part of the tutorial, can be used in Selenium Grid. desired capabilities默认支持的设置。 Use this as a starting point for creating a desired capabilities object for requesting remote webdrivers for connecting to selenium server or selenium grid. Python Automated Testing from selenium. DesiredCapabilities in Selenium with Example. For setting desired capabilities we need to use below code. What is a Desired Capability? All server implementations will rarely support every feature of WebDriver. By voting up you can indicate which examples are most useful and appropriate. free_port() Determines a free port using sockets. For google chrome I downloaded latest chromedriver and the latest geckodriver for f. DesiredCapabilities attribute) save_screenshot() (selenium. Selenium webdriver helps in setting desired capabilities for FireFox browser. For travis-web, our very own website, we use Sauce Labs to run browser tests on multiple browsers. It supports most of the browsers like Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Safari, Mozilla Firefox, Opera etc. desired_caps = desired_capabilities_cloud; self. Luckily, we can achieve the same effect by setting the MOZ_HEADLESS environment variable either from the command line with set MOZ_HEADLESS=1 or from the python script itself as above. They are extracted from open source Python projects. The primary new feature in Selenium 2. desired_capabilities = chrome_options. Several examples can be given for each type of desired capability and the same will be taught in detail in all selenium training programs. Reply to Unrecognized Chrome version when using Selenium (python bindings) and chromedriver on Invalid Date I had the same problem, and a way to hack it is to set your QT applicationName and applicationVersion to "Chrome" and "69. py and copy the following code: import unittest from selenium import webdriver from selenium. You do not need to be an expert in all of them, but it is extremely important to have contemplated a spectrum of concepts and explored a variety. Using Selenium with remote WebDriver 3. webdriver 模块提供了所有 WebDriver的实现,现在支持的WebDriver的实现有 Firefox,Ie,Chrome,Remote,Keys类提供了键盘的代码(回车,ALT,F1等等) from selenium import webdriver from selenium. 0 of Selenium For Ruby - selenium-webdriver 2. This page documents all ChromeDriver supported capabilities and how to use them. 最近因为工作原因,开始接触自动化测试,查了一些资料后,还是觉得用selenium+Python比较好,因为自己用的是Mac,而网上的环境配置都是针对windows和Linux的,所以自己摸索了一个在Mac OS上配置的方法。. Unable to find a matching set of capabilities with firefox, python, selenium (using vagrant) In case anyone else gets this problem: the problem appears to be that virtual machines don't have a display, and either need a virtual display like pyvirtualbox or a headless browser like phantomJS. Examples for Selenium version 3. Selenium Open Firefox in Python HELP. For the first Python test, which will test the application functionality using the Firefox browser, name this test as test_on_firefox. 0 browser, using Selenium 2. You can quickly become an expert in the tool with this Selenium FAQs article. 1; Error on AWS Lambda. By voting up you can indicate which examples are most useful and appropriate. See the 使用远程 Selenium WebDriver section for example usages of desired capabilities. They are extracted from open source Python projects. Do not use. Since the browser object we created got destroyed, we no more can control this browser using script. A blog on Test Automation, Technical QA, DevOps, Testing Tools & Techniques and more. (desired_capabilities, browser_profile) File "C: I am using selenium and chrome() as well for my web scraping tasks and. In Appium, it is a type of hashmap or key-value pair, used to send a command to APPIUM server. Hello, Welcome to Selenium tutorials in this post we will see How to Handle Proxy in Selenium Webdriver. Selenium Python Bindings, Release 2 Args • link_text - Link text string to search for. Related course Browser Automation with Python Selenium. timeoutInSeconds long integer Timeout to wait for the browser to launch, in seconds. the way the code is now, if you pass in an options, it will over write the desired_capabilities, but not when options is None. Most of these tests failed apparently, with the Firefox browser just opening up and doing nothing that was mentioned in the script. Sauce Labs makes it easy to automate your tests across a wide range of OS/browser combinations on desktop and mobile devices. from selenium import webdriver class my_class(object): chrome_path = 'C. Selenium using Python – Geckodriver executable needs to be in PATH. This is a personal blog. Only users with topic management privileges can see it. Installing Python; Installing Selenium through PIP; Installing Eclipse IDE and configuring PyDev; Installing browser drivers and Selenium server; First selenium script. However, it is possible to use a version of ChromeDriver against a version of Chrome that has a newer or older list of devices. exe keeps crashing half way through the test when i use: cls. Presenter: Jason Carr Track: IV Description: Selenium has grown to be a mature platform on the desktop, but with 'mobile now' being the mantra for so many companies, can we use Selenium to effectively test mobile apps?. tl;dr use --disable-dev-shm-usage option. Selenium tutorials in Python. DesiredCapabilities attribute) save_screenshot() (selenium. TestO'Matic. The desired_capabilities are from the [Selenium Wiki] The chromeOptions are from this the [Chrome Driver Docs] My library versions for reference: robotframework>=3. Open cmd. Selenium webdriver DesiredCapabilities: "Unable to find a matching set of capabilities" (self. But still I often see these questions on various forums, so I want to capture this for the people who all are following my step by steps Selenium Tutorials. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: